JEDDAH: The Historic Jeddah Program, in collaboration with the Heritage Fee, has made a groundbreaking announcement concerning the discovery of about 25,000 remnants of artifacts at 4 historic websites.
The artifacts, relationship again to the primary and second centuries of the Hijri calendar, make clear the wealthy historical past of Jeddah and its significance within the broader context of commerce, structure, and cultural trade.
This announcement comes as a part of the archaeological undertaking overseen by the Historic Jeddah Program, which incorporates websites such because the Uthman bin Affan Mosque, the Al-Shuna web site, components of the jap trench, and the northern wall.
The Uthman bin Affan Mosque, which is taken into account one of many oldest in Jeddah, has unveiled artifacts relationship again to the ninth to tenth centuries.
Otto Bagi, senior undertaking supervisor on the mosque, defined that the positioning’s significance was affirmed by the misalignment with the Kaaba and the invention of an octagonal pillar relationship again to the nineteenth century. These findings strengthen the idea within the mosque’s significance.
Bagi informed Arab Information concerning the secrets and techniques behind the Uthman bin Affan Mosque.
He stated: “Why can we assert that this mosque might certainly be one of many oldest, if not the oldest, in existence? In line with native custom, it’s thought-about one of many oldest, if not the oldest.
“We started our work right here three years in the past, and we’ve got some indications that this native custom would possibly really be true. There may be archaeological proof supporting the declare that this mosque dates again to the ninth to tenth centuries for the time being.
“Past the preliminary motive I discussed, which is the misalignment of the mosque with the Kaaba, there’s one other vital issue to contemplate. A pillar was found within the central layer relationship again to the nineteenth century throughout excavation. As we delved deeper, reaching the foundational layers, we unearthed a peculiar discovery — the pillar’s base was not spherical however octagonal in form. Additional excavation revealed the octagonal base of the pillar, situated roughly three to 4 meters beneath the floor. This proof, coupled with further findings, solidifies our perception within the historic significance of the mosque.”
Dania Baeisa, senior undertaking engineer, informed Arab Information: “The discoveries that we discovered right here within the Al-Shuna web site had been fragments of artifacts that inform a narrative about this web site and the way it was a middle of world commerce. The world of Al-Shuna is roughly 5,000 sq. meters.”
The announcement is available in mild of the undertaking’s efforts to revive Historic Jeddah, launched by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, which goals to protect nationwide monuments, spotlight traditionally vital websites, improve the historic significance of Jeddah as a cultural heart, and obtain the targets of Saudi Imaginative and prescient 2030 in preserving archaeological websites.
The Al-Shuna web site, with a historical past reaching again to the thirteenth century, affords a singular glimpse into Jeddah’s previous.
Dr. Laurence Hapiot, director of the archaeology division on the Historic Jeddah Program, spoke of the preservation of historical stays amid the trendy metropolis. She stated the positioning, with 4 meters of elevation, had revealed pottery, animal bones, shells, and even cannonballs, reflecting its numerous historic features.
Relating to Al-Shuna, Hapiot informed Arab Information: “What you see right here is the again of the tower and one entrance that we revealed by eradicating some fashionable concrete retailers that had been right here. It’s wonderful as a result of regardless of the colourful life in Jeddah and centuries of improvement, this space was preserved, with fashionable retailers constructed throughout, preserving these historical historic stays. So, this can be a very vital web site, displaying 4 meters of elevation within the coronary heart of a metropolis that’s so lively.”
Hapiot added: “On this web site we found a number of supplies, primarily pottery chairs, but additionally some animal bones, shells, fragments of steel or glass, and numerous small finds. Curiously, we additionally discovered cannonballs manufactured from steel and one manufactured from stone.
“It’s exceptionally uncommon to discover a constructing web site with elevations within the coronary heart of the town.”
The survey and excavation work, which was initiated in November 2020, has led to the invention of over 11,000 ceramic artifacts, animal bone artifacts, shell supplies, building supplies, and glass and steel artifacts. The full findings, weighing 531 kg, make a major contribution to nationwide archaeological discoveries.
Research on the Uthman bin Affan Mosque revealed artifacts relationship again to the primary and second centuries of the Hijri calendar. The archaeological research of ebony items spotlight commerce connections extending to Jeddah, together with supplies from Sri Lanka and porcelain from Jiangxi Province, China.
The Al-Shuna archaeological web site traces its architectural stays again to at the very least the thirteenth century, with proof relationship again to the tenth century. Pottery supplies from Europe, Japan, and China had been found, offering insights into the commerce connections of Jeddah throughout the thirteenth and 14th centuries.
Historic cemeteries in Jeddah have revealed tombstones manufactured from limestone, granite, and marble, with inscriptions relationship again to the second and third centuries of the Hijri calendar. These inscriptions, which embody names, Qur’anic expressions, and verses, are presently present process additional research for correct classification.
Throughout excavation works on the Al-Kidwa web site (Bab Makkah), components of the jap trench had been revealed, which doubtless dates again to the late twelfth century of the Hijri calendar (late 18th century).
The archaeological research of the 4 historic websites included excavations, evaluation of radioactive carbon samples, soil evaluation and geophysical and scientific research of the found supplies. Greater than 250 wood samples from 52 archaeological buildings had been transported to specialised worldwide laboratories for identification and age dedication.
They can even bear additional analysis in worldwide archives which have collected greater than 984 historic paperwork about Jeddah, together with maps and drawings of historic Jeddah partitions, Al-Shouna and different archaeological websites in Jeddah, which had been scientifically reviewed and studied.
The Historic Jeddah Program, in collaboration with the Heritage Fee, ensures the documentation, registration, and preservation of archaeological supplies. The Nationwide Antiquities Register and a scientific database safeguard these historic treasures, with paperwork and pictures archived by specialised Saudi groups.